par
Me Marie-Hélène Beaudoin
Articles du même auteur
31 Déc 2017

BYE BYE 2017!

Par Me Marie-Hélène Beaudoin, avocate


Par
Marie-Hélène Beaudoin
Avocate
Delegatus
services juridiques inc.

C’est devenu une tradition. Le 31
décembre, sur le Blogue du CRL, on ne gigue pas. On ne mange pas d’atocas.
Nous, juristes puristes, célébrons la fin d’année en lisant de la jurisprudence.
Beaucoup de jurisprudence. Beaucoup, beaucoup de jurisprudence. Et nous vous
résumons partiellement l’état de la connaissance d’office au courant de l’année
qui a précédé. C’est notre manière à nous de dire bye bye à 2017. De véritables
bêtes de party, quoi.

Nous nous excusons à l’avance de la
longueur intolérable du présent billet, que vous êtes invités à digérer
lentement pendant la fin du congé des Fêtes, comme les restants de tourtière,
de dinde et de ragoût de pattes.

Alors, en 2017, quels étaient les faits
qui étaient raisonnablement incontestables et tellement notoires qu’ils étaient
de connaissance judiciaire, sans qu’il ne soit nécessaire d’administrer une
preuve? Au contraire, quels étaient ceux qui nécessitaient une preuve?

Nous aurions pu vous rapporter une
décision par mois, ou même plus, rappelant à quel point il est de connaissance
notoire que les ressources judiciaires sont limitées. Nous nous permettons
d’éviter presque complètement cette question lourde. Nous ne citerons en effet qu’une
seule décision à ce sujet, faisant quelque peu contrepoids à l’arrêt Jordan : une autorité éminemment
persuasive émanant du Swaziland.

Car… Bon… c’est les vacances. Alors nous
avons plutôt envie de parler de technologie. Et de sujets faisant écho à l’actualité
présentant une importance capitale pour l’avancement de l’humanité (lancement
de la deuxième saison de « The Crown » sur Netflix, lancement du film
« The Disaster Artist » avec les frères Franco, annonce de la
légalisation de la marijuana, etc.). Et pourquoi pas de sujets ayant soulevé de
véritables polémiques en 2017, tel que le ramonage, le remorquage ou le
lutinage?

Trêve d’absurdité… Bonne lecture!



Janvier
Jean-Paul c.
Uber Technologies Inc.
, 2017 QCCS 164 :

« [45] Le Tribunal a connaissance
d’office du principe de « l’offre et la demande ».

R v Dennington,
2017 ABPC 4 (Alberta) :

« […]
I will take judicial notice that the lawful way to cross a busy street,
especially in a downtown area, is at a crosswalk. […] »

Nehmé c. Administrateur général (ministère des Travaux publics et des Services
gouvernementaux)
, 2017 CRTEFP 14 :

« [163] […] je crois que tout le monde
sait que les pianistes de concert joueront, pendant des heures, parfois très
rapidement, deux lignes distinctes d’une série de notes qui peuvent être
altérées par des dièses et des bémols, sans jamais regarder une partition. »

Février
Lapshinoff v Allen,
2017 ONSC 1023 (Ontario) :

« [29]
[…] I can take judicial notice of the fact that these children are 14
and 15 years of age, and it is difficult to force children of this age to do
anything at all if they refuse to do so. […] »

R. c. Lachance,
2017 QCCM 99 :
« [59] Il est de connaissance
judiciaire que dans les petites municipalités le remorqueur n’est pas
ouvert et lorsqu’un appel est effectué, il doit se rendre chercher son camion
avant de se diriger à l’endroit du remorquage. […] »

Bajwa v. Canada
(Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship)
,
2017 FC 202 :
« [46]  […] Applicants’ counsel believes that it is
sufficient to offer a personal view that:
It is believed that the Officer, who
appears to be a Francophone from Quebec with somewhat poor English skills, may
have been motivated by racist tendencies. It is notorious that CIC and its
associated tribunals, have had a longstanding problem with racism on the part
of some of its Francophone employees, who have sometimes tended to exhibit
race-based hostility against non-white Applicants.

[47] We are not told who believes this and no evidence is
provided to support it. It is simply a comment by Applicants’ counsel that the Court
is supposed to take judicial notice of as though it is so notorious that
no one could think otherwise. This is not only poor and ineffective advocacy,
it is highly offensive and unbecoming of an officer of this Court and a member of
the bar. […]

[48] There
is nothing in the Decisions or the record under review to support any of this. »

Mars
Génie Lutin inc. c.
Leroux (Éditions Bambou)
, 2017 QCCQ 2685 :

« [30] Il y a en
effet plus de 100 ans que des auteurs font référence à des lutins qui viennent
espionner les maisons avant Noël, qu’il est fait référence à de la poudre
magique, qu’il est fait référence à la possibilité d’attraper des lutins et
qu’il s’agit d’être[s] enjoués et gourmands. »

Avril
Romano c.
Directeur des poursuites criminelles et
pénales
, 2017 QCCQ 4589 :

« [29] […] les juges de la chambre
criminelle et pénale de la Cour du Québec savent ce qui se passe dans leur Cour
[…] »

Piniotis
v Commissioner of Police, New South Wales Police Force
, [2017] NSWCATOD 65 (Australie) :
« [13]
[…] And while it is presumably possible to smoke marijuana from a glass pipe,
as a matter of common knowledge that is not the usual way of
ingesting cannabis. […] »


R. c.
Audet
,
2017 QCCM 73 :
« [296] S’il ne faut pas jeter le
bébé avec l’eau du bain, on doit prendre garde non plus de ne pas continuer à
l’y laisser mijoter.

[302] L’esprit humain, dit-on, est comme
le parapluie ; il fonctionne mieux lorsqu’il est ouvert. »

R. c. Desroches,
2017 QCCQ 3012 :
« [20] […] Quoiqu’il m’apparaisse que
la connaissance judiciaire n’aille pas jusque-là, je demeure très
sceptique sur le fait que le téléphone de l’accusé ne conserve pas 6 mois de
vieux messages textes envoyés. »

Benmusa (No 2), Re [2017] EWHC 785 (Fam) (Angleterre) :
« [2] This application […] seeks « To apply to unseal the will
of the late Princess Margaret. » 
[…]

[3]
[…] the applicant’s statement […] : “[…] I am the heir
to the throne of England. This is why so much trouble has been taken to cover up my
identity. […]”. In charity to the applicant I quote no more.

[4] The application is self-evidently
complete nonsense. It is a matter of public record, of which I can take
judicial notice, that the father of her late Royal Highness Princess Margaret,
Countess of Snowdon, was his late Majesty King George VI, who was born on 14
December 1895, and that her mother was her late Majesty Queen Elizabeth the
Queen Mother, who was born on 4 August 1900. They married on 26 April 1923.
Quite obviously a woman born in 1904 could not have been, as the applicant
asserts, her mother’s elder sister if, as she also asserts, her mother was HRH
Princess Margaret. I have no hesitation in concluding that I should strike out
the applicant’s claim, as I do. It is a farrago of
delusional nonsense. »


Mai
Elgressy c. R.,
2017 QCCS 1886 :
« [43]
[…] the trial judge could not take judicial notice of the fact that
potholes have usually been repaired by the end of August. […] »

Chante v Fantastic
Pets Pty Ltd (Civil Claims)
, [2017] VCAT 708 (Australie) :

«
[26] […] the Applicant should have left the dog inside on New Year’s Eve,
rather than leaving it in the yard, given that it is commonplace for fireworks to
be a feature of New Year’s Eve and it being common knowledge that
fireworks terrify dogs. »

Saraffian
c. Syndicat de la copropriété Villa
Veritas phase 1
,
2017
QCCS 2230
 :
«
[191] […] Almost everything she says is either
deceiving, misleading, manipulative or simply false. Some parts of her
testimony are outright preposterous in view of undisputable evidence. Most of
her allegations do not even rise to the level of alternate facts[22].

[22] Expression attributed to Kelly-Ann Conway, a high-level aide to
President Donald J. Trump. »

GB v. Secretary
of State for the Home Department
, [2017] UKAITUR PA054792016 (Angleterre) :

«
[17] We take judicial notice of the fact that Facebook is not a
communication tool designed to require an understanding of complex IT principles
[…] »

Protection de la jeunesse — 175060,
2017
QCCQ 12352 
:
« [14] Il est très
surprenant de constater qu’au mois de décembre 2016, dès la sortie de
l’hôpital du bébé, la mère l’amène voir la parade du Père Noël au
froid et à l’extérieur. Vu l’âge de l’enfant, environ deux mois, cette activité
ne répondait absolument à aucun besoin pour lui […] »

Juin
R. v.
J.A.C
., 2017 ONCJ 580 (Ontario) :

« [1] Hollywood’s depiction of teenage relationships is an
idealized one, with perfectly scripted dialogue where everyone always says the
right thing, the soundtrack is current and catchy, and the endings are always
happy.  Unfortunately,
real life is not like Hollywood.  Miscommunication and
misunderstanding can lead to heartache and things do not always end
well. […] »

Saffioti v Kiama
Municipal Council
, [2017] NSWLEC 65 (Australie) :

« [86]
Understanding the essential usage of a dwelling is assisted by a simple
reflection on common domiciliary activities – activities which can be accepted
as being common sense expectations within the scope of judicial knowledge.
So with a dwelling, the use is readily comprised of activities involving people
going about their normal domestic living: eating, sleeping, recreating,
resting, playing, studying, gardening, keeping pets and so on. […] »

Farris
v Development Consent Authority
, [2017] NTSC 44 (Australie) :
« It
was submitted, and I accept as a matter of common knowledge, that
helicopter use in association with residential premises is very rare, and
different in character and impact from ordinary residential uses. Indeed, the
question whether a helicopter is an ordinary residential use need only be
asked, to be denied. I have the misfortune to disagree, with respect, with
Waddell J’s conclusion that there is no difference in principle between
helicopters and motor vehicles. […] »

Séquestre de Société en commandite Aires
de service Québec et Ernst & Young inc.
, 2017
QCCS 2460 
:
« [79] […] il est de connaissance
judiciaire que des entreprises se dotent de contentieux composés d’avocats
et de notaires afin de diminuer leurs coûts d’opération. […] »
Briard c.
Nguyen
,
2017
QCCQ 7393 
:
« [23] […] il
n’est pas nécessaire d’être expert en la matière pour
savoir que du ruban de plastique ne doit pas être utilisé pour fixer de la
tuyauterie de fournaise. »

T.D.(1) v. T.D.(2),
2017 BCPC 201 (Colombie-Britannique) :

« [36]
[…] He also stated that the Grandmother provides them with gifts on the visits,
which has led to them expecting gifts and treats for doing anything when at
home.  However, the gifts the Grandmother
provides on visits are little more than birthday gifts on their birthdays,
knick knacks, potato chips, drawings and a fidget spinner.  These are hardly the kinds of gifts that
should create any entitlement and are what one would normally receive from a
grandparent. »

Juillet
AE v. TE,
2017 ABQB 449 (Alberta) :

« [291] I do not take judicial notice that Born Again
Christians are a population segment with a high frequency of body art. I do
caution myself, though, against judging the conduct of persons younger than
myself by the standards of earlier generations. The fact is that body art is
common now and may reflect religious motifs as well as any others. […] »

Août
R. c. Nutaraluk,
2017
QCCQ 9568 
:
« [75] The Court takes judicial notice of the meaning of
a placenta. A placenta is, according to the Oxford dictionary, a flattened
circular organ in the uterus of pregnant eutherian mammals, nourishing and
maintaining the foetus through the umbilical cord. »

Septembre
Balbin c Canada (Citoyenneté et Immigration), 2017 CanLII 77311 (CA CISR) :
« [16] […] Depuis l’époque
de Shakespeare au moins, les avocats sont mis en cause, tournés en
dérision et font l’objet de plaisanteries. […] »

Leblanc et Société de transport de
Montréal (gestion des ressources financières et matérielles)
,
2017
QCTAT 4097
 :
« [23] […] […] il est
notoire qu’il est recommandé de faire ramoner une cheminée, à tout le
moins une fois par année, lorsqu’une installation de chauffage au bois est le
moindrement utilisée.​ »

Panagoulias v. The East Metropolitan Service [No 4],
[2017]
WADC 118 (Australie) :
« [376]
[…] It is a matter of  common
knowledge  that antisocial behaviour and
drug and alcohol abuse can create a significant part of the case load that
burdens emergency departments, and that can particularly be the case in the
early morning hours of Friday and Saturday. […] »

R. v. Hussey,
2017 NSPC 59 (Nouvelle-Écosse) :

« [15] The
day may be fast approaching when the smell of fresh cannabis is widely
known to the public and, by extension, familiar to triers of fact. 
The smell of burnt marijuana is familiar to many people now, given its widespread
use, its pungency, and its tendency to disperse. »

Toth v. City
of Niagara Falls
, 2017 ONSC 5670 (Ontario) :

« [21]
Generally speaking, all documentation are relevant to a pleading is producible
by the party in whose possession they are. 
[…] because of the duration of this litigation, “Facebook” disclosure
only came into vogue four or five years ago. 
[…]  In this day and age, given
the ease of taking such pictures with your iPhone and the frequent tendency by
some to take “selfies”, this form of potential disclosure presents a potential
treasure trove of real evidence as to what a party is capable of doing,
notwithstanding their injuries. […]
[23]
There is absolutely no reference in the affidavit of documents produced by the
plaintiff of the existence of these photographs.  Surely counsel for the plaintiff, realizing
the age of her client and the overwhelming use of iPhones to capture even the
most insignificant of moments, should have averted her mind to the existence of
such documentation in a public forum. »

GS v. Secretary of State for the Home Department,
[2017] UKAITUR AA071102015 (Angleterre) :

« [109]  […]
The background evidence supports the First-tier Tribunal’s assessment that the
Taliban are well organised and well known for effective intimidation. […] what
is not disputed about the Taliban i.e. it is a ruthless organisation that has
carried out numerous assassinations and bombings. »

Octobre
R. c. Pilon,
2017
QCCQ 11439 
:
« [86] Aujourd’hui,
il est bien connu que la vaste majorité des personnes arrêtées
possèdent un téléphone cellulaire […] »

R. v Taniskishayinew,
2017 BCSC 1944 (Colombie-Britannique) :

« [64] Pop culture unfortunately is filled with images of
people being violently stabbed and yet surviving. If a person grows up immersed
in violent pop culture, or around actual violence, has a limited
understanding of anatomy and limited education or experience, and that person’s
inhibitions and judgment are impaired by alcohol, it is difficult to conclude
that such a person would know that a single knife wound would likely kill a
person.

Chief Inspector of Education, Children’s
Services And Skills
v The
Interim Executive Board of Al-Hijrah School (Rev 2)
, [2017] EWCA Civ 1426
(Angleterre)
:
« [103] The Judge was right […] to take judicial notice of the fact that women have been, and still are, the group with minority
power in society. […]
[145]
[…] In my judgment, once the principle is accepted, as it was by the Judge (and
the majority in this court), that, as a generality, men exercise more influence
and power in society than women, and that persistent gender inequalities remain
in the employment market, evidence is not required to establish that an
educational system, which promotes segregation in a situation where girls are
not allowed to mix with boys or to be educated alongside them, notwithstanding
they are studying the same curriculum and spending their days on the same
single school site, is bound to endorse traditional gender stereotypes that
preserve male power, influence and economic dominance. And the impact of that
is inevitably greater on women than on men. One does not need to have been
educated at a women’s college at a co-educational university, at a time when
women were still prohibited from being members of all-male colleges, to take
judicial notice of the career opportunities which women are even today denied,
simply because they are prevented from participating in hierarchical male
networking groups, whether in the social, educational or employment
environment. »

Novembre
Fournier c. R.,
2017
QCCS 5361
 :
« [48] […] il n’est
pas essentiel de recourir à [de la preuve d’expert] pour trancher si les
manifestations alléguées comme des symptômes de conduite avec les capacités
affaiblies sont incompatibles avec des malaises gastriques. »

Wiseau Studio et al. v.
Richard Harper
, 2017 ONSC 6535 (Ontario) :

« [24] It is precisely because The Room is so bad that it
has acquired cult status.  People come not to admire but to mock. 
They dress up in character costumes, they mimic lines from the script, and they
throw objects at the screen to highlight its bizarre character.  
[26] While Mr. Wiseau might not have been aware of every single
comment ever made about The Room, he certainly had to be aware of the
reasons for which the film has acquired cult status.  Indeed, he was
specifically interviewed about this by the BBC […], in an article called “The
Room: Why So Many People Love ‘The Worst Film Ever Made,’” […] »
St.
John’s (City) v. Barry, 2017 CanLII 74668 (NL SCTD)

St. John’s (City) v. Barry, 2017 CanLII 74668 (NL SCTD)
(Terre-Neuve et Labrador) :

«
[30] […] in this age of electronic payment, I take judicial notice of
the fact that many individuals do not carry coins. »

Chen v Premier Motors Service Pty Ltd t/as Premier
Illawarra
, [2017] NSWCATAD 342 (Australie) :

«
[46] […] We take judicial notice of the fact that a person seeing an
email from “Bill Sherman” would not assume that that person was Chinese. […] »

Swaziland Revenue Authority v Mkhaliphi (43/2017), [2017] SZSC 35
(Swaziland) :

«
[29] […] While litigation has to be expeditiously conducted, with respect I
disagree with the Learned Judge’s conclusion that a significant period of time
had passed when the matter was heard by the High Court.  The matter had commenced
in 2014 and by 2016 it was already before the High Court for hearing. 
While this in itself is not a cause for a celebration, many matters drag much
longer than this period.  With respect, and additional concerns with the
Learned Judge’s approach is that it does not take judicial notice of how slow
our wheels of justice grind. Therefore, to
favour the Respondent herein with an approach that her matter had to be treated
specially because of the years that had passed would create an unfortunate
precedent in our jurisdiction which is not informed by the reality on the
ground as it were. »

Décembre
R. c. Dionne,
2017 QCCM 241 :
« [89] […] il est de connaissance
judiciaire que l’utilisation par les policiers de véhicules VUS n’est pas
exceptionnelle. »

Odedra v. Canada (Public Safety and Emergency
Preparedness)
, 2017 FC 1134 :

« [17] The Court can and should take judicial
notice of the fact that most adopted children, particularly if adopted
when young, would not see a distinction between being related biologically or
adoptively – “Mother is mother – Father is father”. »

N.C. v N.C.,
2017 BCSC 2311 (Colombie-Britannique) :

« [61]
[…] I take judicial notice of there being a growing concern, if not a
consensus, amongst pediatricians that children should not be using electronic
devices such as tablets and smartphones at or prior to bedtime. The devices
overstimulate, and have the capacity to interfere in proper sleep regulation.
[…] »

Commentaires (0)

L’équipe du Blogue vous encourage à partager avec nous et nos lecteurs vos commentaires et impressions afin d’alimenter les discussions sur le Blogue. Par ailleurs, prenez note du fait qu’aucun commentaire ne sera publié avant d’avoir été approuvé par un modérateur et que l’équipe du Blogue se réserve l’entière discrétion de ne pas publier tout commentaire jugé inapproprié.

Laisser un commentaire